What is a Mental Health Care Plan?
Mental Health Care Plans are developed by GPs who undertake early intervention, assessment and management of patients with mental disorders. A Care Plan includes referral pathways for treatment by psychologists, psychiatrists, and other allied mental health workers.
A GP Mental Health Care Plan includes the assessment and administration of an outcome measurement tool (such as the K-10 or DASS-21), providing appropriate treatment or services, and reviewing or implementing ongoing management as required. Each step of the plan is fully documented in the GP Mental Health Care Plan folder, which can be transferred to the psychologist or psychiatrist of your choice.
Reasons for a Mental Health Care Plan
Providing ongoing care and support for someone who is living with a mental illness can involve many different support organisations. These may include psychologists, GPs, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses or other community care providers. They are all part of the healthcare team, which works together to provide you with the best level of care possible.
Everyone’s treatment needs are different. A care plan puts down in writing the support you can expect from each of the people in your mental healthcare team and makes sure that everyone knows who is responsible for what and when. You are an important part of this team and should be fully involved in preparing your mental health care plan.
- What your mental health needs are
- What help you require – your medical, physical, psychological and social needs are all considered
- What result you would like
- What treatment would be best for you.
Once you and your GP have agreed on your goals and what support you need to achieve them, your GP will write out a mental health care plan. They may discuss this with the other members of your healthcare team.
Your doctor will offer you a copy of the plan and will also keep a copy on your medical record. If you give permission, a copy can also be given to other people, such as psychologists or your carer. You should tell your doctor if there is any information you don’t want other people in your healthcare team to know.
Benefits of a mental health care plan
Having a care plan will help you become more involved in your healthcare. A care plan can:
- Help you to set and achieve goals
- Make sure everyone involved in your mental healthcare team is working towards the same goals
- Help you and your doctor manage your long-term care in a way that is clear and easy to understand
- Give you a way to monitor your progress and check that you continue to receive the care you need
- Lead to better treatment by focusing on improving and maintaining your health rather than just dealing with problems as they arise
- Provide life-saving information in emergencies.
Issues to consider with care plans
Most care plans are done in your GP’s office. However, you may also have a care plan prepared for you when you leave hospital. The time it takes to draw up the care plan depends on your healthcare professional and the complexity of your situation.
Some things to think about include:
- You will need to request a long consultation with your doctor to allow enough time to prepare your care plan and discuss your treatment options.
- If you would like a carer, family member or someone else to accompany you to the care plan appointments, you may wish to let your doctor know beforehand.
- Your doctor must get your consent before a care plan is developed, and you should be given a written statement of your rights and responsibilities.
- Discuss with your doctor any aspects of your assessment that you do not want discussed with the other members of your healthcare team.
Regular reviews are important
Once you have a mental health care plan, you should continue to see the same doctor for review and management. Significant changes in your health may mean you need to make a new care plan. Even if there are no big changes to your situation, your care plan should be reviewed regularly to make sure it continues to meet your needs.
How often a new plan is prepared may vary depending on which health professionals are involved. Care plans may be prepared every 12 months and should be reviewed after three or six months, or sooner if needed. A date for review should be written into your care plan.
Costs of a mental health care plan
If you have a Medicare card, Medicare will cover some or all of the cost of care planning by a doctor. It may also rebate some of the costs of certain specialists or other health professionals, which will be charged separately. Your doctor should tell you what costs (if any) are involved when you agree to make a mental health care plan. If you are unsure, ask your doctor what fees will be involved.
Things to remember
- Anyone who has a mental health problem that lasts longer than six months and needs the care of three or more health professionals will benefit from a care plan.
- Everyone’s treatment needs are different – your care plan can help you and your doctor work out what services are best for you.
- A care plan explains the support provided by each member of your healthcare team, who is responsible for what and when.
- Your care plan should be reviewed regularly to make sure it continues to meet your needs.